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Women's Health Physiotherapist Taryn Watson talks about fertility and pre-conception with information from FitRight Women's Health GP team about Fertility Treatment.

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    Fertility Treatment

    Embarking on the journey of fertility treatments can be both daunting and hopeful for couples facing challenges in conceiving. In this blog we explore the key questions that our GP's are asked by women about fertility treatments, including who may benefit from them, what options are available and how to navigate the process of seeking fertility treatment.

    What are fertility treatments?

    Fertility treatments encompass a range of medical interventions designed to assist couples in achieving pregnancy. These treatments will usually address the factors that are contributing to infertility, such as structural issues, gynaecological and hormonal conditions.

    Who may benefit from fertility treatments?

    Couples experiencing difficulty conceiving may benefit from fertility treatments. This also includes same-sex couples or individuals seeking to conceive without a partner.

    Exploring fertility treatment options may be recommended for:

    • Any couple who have been trying to conceive for more than 12 months (or 6 months if the woman is over 35 years of age)

    • Women with a history of conditions which may impact fertility, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, endometriosis, irregular periods or pelvic inflammatory disease.

    • Women with a history of recurrent miscarriages

    • Couples with a known inherited genetic disorder that requires genetic testing of embryos

    • Couples with a FIFO partner

    • Same-sex couples or individuals requiring donor egg or sperm

    Couples seeking to explore treatment options should be referred by their GP for thorough evaluation by a Fertility Specialist to assess the cause for their fertility issue and determine the most appropriate treatment option. The choice of treatment may also depend on other factors such as a woman's age, the couple's preferences, other medical history and cost.

    What options are available?

    The most common fertility treatments include:

    • Ovulation induction: Stimulating the ovaries to ovulate using medication.

    • Intra-uterine insemination (IUI): Placing sperm directly into the uterus during the woman's fertile window to facilitate fertilisation.

    • In-vitro fertilisation (IVF): Stimulating the ovaries to produce multiple eggs, retrieving the eggs from the ovaries surgically, followed by fertilising the eggs with sperm in a laboratory and transferring a resulting embryo into the uterus.

    • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): Used in conjunction with IVF, by injecting a single sperm directly into an egg to facilitate fertilisation.

    • Donor eggs or sperm

    • Surrogacy

    How to navigate the process?

    1. Consultation with your GP: This is an essential starting point, to ensure thorough assessment of your situation is performed, along with any basic investigations or optimisation of your medical conditions. It is recommended both members of the couple are assessed, whether that is together or separately seeing their own GPs.
    2. Consultation with a Fertility Specialist: If referral is appropriate, your GP will refer you to a fertility clinic for further assessment.
    3. Educate yourself: Take time to learn about the different fertility treatments available, their success rates and potential risks and side effects. This will allow you to be informed and know what questions to ask at your appointments.
    4. Emotional support: Lean on your partner, family, friends or support groups to provide emotional support throughout the process. Consider seeking counselling if needed.
    5. Self care: Prioritise self-care practices such as health eating, exercise, sleep and stress management. This not only supports your physical and emotional well-being, but can help fertility outcomes.

    Book a Women’s Health GP appointment here

    FitRight

    Perth’s Leading Centre for Women’s Health and Exercise

    Physiotherapy, GP services and physio-led exercise classes specifically for women

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